Sidney Burbank (Sidney Burbank)

Sidney Burbank

Sidney Burbank was born in Lexington, Massachusetts in October 1807, the son of Lt. Col. Sullivan Burbank, an officer in the US Army since the War of 1812. Sidney Burbank attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, graduating 17th in a class of 46 in 1829. Burbank was assigned to the 1st Infantry Regiment, serving in Indian wars, including the Seminole War. As a captain he established Fort Duncan near Eagle Pass, Texas in 1849. Burbank was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 13th Infantry Regiment on May 14, 1861 and to colonel of the 2nd Infantry Regiment on September 16, 1862. Burbank succeeded to command of the 2nd Infantry following the death of Dixon Miles. Colonel Burbank joined the Army of the Potomac in 1863. He served as a brigade commander in the second division of V Corps under Maj. Gen. George Sykes at the Battle of Chancellorsville. His brigade was composed of regiments of regular infantry. Burbank led the same brigade under Brig. Gen. Romeyn B. Ayres at the Battle of Gettysburg. Burbank’s brigade lost heavily when it was attacked on the flank while deploying in the Wheatfield on July 2, 1863. The attack was executed by the brigade of Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford, and it cost Burbank’s brigade 447 casualties. Afterwards, his regular brigade was combined with that of Col. Hannibal Day, serving under Burbank in the Bristoe Campaign and the Mine Run Campaign. He was nominated by Meade for Brigadier general but not promoted.

Burbank’s health was poor, and in the winter of 1863-1864 his eyesight was failing. Burbank left the Army of the Potomac for less demanding assignments. (The regulars were made part of a brigade under Ayers in General Charles Griffin’s first division V Corps.) Thereafter Burbank commanded a draft rendezvous in Columbus, Ohio and the headquarters of the 2nd Infantry in Kentucky until the end of the war, as well as the Newport Barracks in the Department of Kentucky. On April 10, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Burbank to the rank of brevet brigadier general, U.S.A. to rank from March 13, 1865 and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on May 4, 1866  He rebuilt his regiment, as well as serving on boards and commissions, until he retired in May 1870.  Sidney Burbank lived in Newport, Kentucky until he died on December 7, 1882, of an intestinal blockage. He is interred in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. Burbank’s son, Capt. Sullivan Wayne Burbank, died of wounds received in the Battle of the Wilderness.

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Born

  • September, 26, 1807
  • USA
  • Lexington, Massachusetts

Died

  • December, 07, 1882
  • USA
  • Newport, Kentucky

Cause of Death

  • intestinal blockage

Cemetery

  • Spring Grove Cemetery
  • Cincinnati, Ohio
  • USA

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