Olive Ann Oatman Fairchild (Olive Fairchild)

Olive Ann Oatman Fairchild

Indian Captive. Olive and her family headed alone for California in 1850.  They were attacked by Indians on the Gila River in Arizona in February of 1852, and Olive and her sister Mary were captured.  The girls served as slaves for a year and were later sold to a Mojave chief who lived near Needles, California.  Mary died of starvation and abuse.  By 1855, the army began negotiations for Olive and she was ransomed near Fort Yuma, Arizona, and allowed to rejoin her only surviving relative, her brother Lorenzo. R.B. Stratton wrote a book titled “Life Among the Indians” about Olive Oatman.  Royalties paid for Lorenzo and Olive’s college education. Olive went on the lecture circuit to help promote the book, but eventually married John Brant Fairchild and moved to Sherman, Texas.  Family links:  Parents:  Royce Boise Oatman (1809 – 1851)  Mary Ann Sperry Oatman (1813 – 1851)  Spouse:  John Brant Fairchild (1830 – 1907)*  Siblings:  Roland Oatman (____ – 1851)*  Lucy Oatman (1834 – 1851)*  Lorenzo Dow Oatman (1836 – 1901)*  Lorenzo Dow Oatman (1836 – 1901)*  Olive Ann Oatman Fairchild (1838 – 1903)  Royce Oatman (1840 – 1851)*  Mary Ann Oatman (1843 – 1853)*  Charity Ann Oatman (1846 – 1851)* *Calculated relationship


  • January, 01, 1970
  • USA


  • March, 03, 1903
  • USA


  • West Hill Cemetery
  • Texas
  • USA

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